Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats

208                                      FLORA  INDICA.
met with on the road between Chegaon and Miru, in Lower
iCfcnaigar-; but, 0 ugh striking to the eye, from the preva-
lence of a few novel forms of pleats, the total number of new
species, not found commonly in Simla, amounts only to thirty
or forty. Of the latter, a small-leaved ash, Dianthus, Lychnis,
and various Alsinea, Artemisias and Legummosa, contribute
most to the altered character of the flora.
Of cultivated plants, the grape, apricot, all Pomacea, wal-
nut, etc., thrive in Kunawar, and most of them better than
anywhere to the eastward, but all are equally prevalent to the
westward. Their abundance, together with the beauty of the
scenery of Kunawar, which is extolled by every one, the deli-
cious climate of its almost rainless summer, and its being on
the high road to Tibet, Yarkand, and Central Asia, will all
contribute to render it one of the most attractive spots in our
Indian possessions.
Lahul, a British province, is included by Cunningham in
Tibet, from which it is however distinct in its physical features.
It consists of the valleys of the head-waters of the Chenab,
Of its vegetation we know very little, except from an interest-
ing collection formed by Captain Hay, and communicated by
Mr. Edgeworth, which we have not yet had time to examine.
It is everywhere surrounded by lofty mountains, except towards
its north-western extremity, where it is conterminous with
Kishtwar. To the south it is bounded by the mountains north
x)f Kulu, where it is crossed by the Botang Pass, elevated
'1^3,200 'feet, an exceptional depression, the rest of the chain
being very lofty. To the west, a portion of the Himalayan
axis divides it from the Tibetan province of Piti, and is crossed
by the-Kulzum Pass, elevated 14,850 feet; and to the north,
a continuation of the same axis separates it from the Tibetan
province of Zanskar, and is crossed by the Baralacha Pass,
elevated 16,500 feet.
Thus hemmed in by lofty mountains, the vegetation of La-